When a domain name expires, it goes through many stages before being released to the open internet market. Major service provider sends five renewal emails to the domain name's administrative contact prior to the expiration date. Below is a time line based on .com domain names.
What happens after domain names expire
Day 1 :- Service provider make the first of three billing attempts to renew the domain name. If the billing fails, the domain name expires. The domain name can be renewed by the registrant at no extra cost.
Day 5 :- Service provider make the second billing attempt. If the billing fails again, the domain name is parked. The domain name can still be renewed by the registrant at no extra cost.
Day 12 :- Service provider make the third and final attempt to renew the domain name. The domain name can still be renewable by the registrant at no extra cost.
Day 19 :- The domain name can be renewed by the registrant for the cost of a one-year renewal plus an $80.00 redemption fee.
Day 26 :- Service provider add the domain name to an expired domain name auction.
Day 36 :- The expired domain name auction ends. If there are no back orders and no bidders in the expired domain name auction.
Day 41 :- The closeout auction ends.
Day 43 :- Service provider assign the domain name to the winner of the expired domain name auction, back order, or closeout. If there are no bidders, we return the domain name to the registry.
Back order Domains
Can I Register an Expired Domain Name
Usually, a domain name is not available for re-registration as soon as it expires. Most registrars allow a grace period that can be as short as one or two weeks or as long as a year for registrants to renew expired domain names. The actual grace period can be different for each individual registrar and domain name extension. That is, the grace period for a .com domain name might be different from the grace period for a .us domain name, even at the same registrar.
After the registrar's grace period, most domain names have a redemption period. This period can last from 15 to 30 days, and, during this time, the current registrant can renew the domain name by paying a redemption fee along with the domain name's renewal fee.
If the current registrant does not renew or redeem the domain name, it might be auctioned. When a domain name is released to a public auction, you can participate and possibly capture the domain name by placing a bid on it.
If the domain name is not renewed, redeemed, or purchased through an auction, it is returned to its registry. The registry determines when the domain name is released again for registration. Once it's released, you can register the domain name through service provider.